A nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty review conference declaration was agreed by consensus by 189 nations on Friday. It was the first agreement by the pact’s signatories at a treaty review conference in 10 years.
Following are key “follow-on actions” included in the declaration:
* NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT
The five official nuclear weapons states — the United States, Russia, Britain, France and China — “commit to undertake further efforts to reduce and ultimately eliminate all types of nuclear weapons.” But no timetable for doing so is specified.
* SECURITY ASSURANCES
Signatories agreed that the Geneva-based Conference on Disarmament should “immediately begin discussion of effective international arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon states against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons.”
* NUCLEAR TESTING
Nuclear weapons states undertake to ratify the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty “with all expediency.” The United states and China have not ratified the treaty, meaning it cannot yet enter into force. Until it does so, all states commit to refrain from nuclear test explosions.
* FISSILE MATERIALS
States agree that the Conference on Disarmament should “immediately begin negotiation of a treaty banning the production of fissile material.”
The conference urged Israel, India and Pakistan to accede to the NPT treaty.
* NUCLEAR ENERGY
The conference urged states “to facilitate … the fullest possible exchange of equipment, materials and scientific and technological information for the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.”
* MIDDLE EAST WEAPONS-OF-MASS-DESTRUCTION-FREE ZONE
The conference said U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and key states “will convene a conference in 2012, to be attended by all states of the Middle East, on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction.”
* NORTH KOREA
The conference “strongly urged” North Korea to carry out “the complete and verifiable abandonment of all nuclear weapons and existing nuclear programs” and return to the NPT.
(Compiled by Patrick Worsnip; editing by Mohammad Zargham)