Three men will face a north Queensland court tomorrow after a bulk coal carrier entered a restricted area of the Great Barrier Reef without permission.
The men from Korea and Vietnam were arrested last night in Bowen when Australian Federal Police searched the MV Mimosa.
Navigational equipment and charts were seized.
They face fines of up to $220,000.
It is alleged the ship travelled through an unidentified shipping route and ignored warnings, having failed to register with the reef vessel tracking system.
The incident happened less than 24 hours after the grounding of the Shen Neng 1 off the Central Queensland coast last week.
Fuel oil is being transferred from the Chinese-owned ship before efforts are made to refloat it.
The pumping started on Friday, and has continued around the clock as conditions are expected to deteriorate tomorrow.