Here is a timeline on Kyrgyzstan in the past five years:
March 21, 2005 – Osh, Kyrgyzstan’s second biggest city, falls to opposition control as protests sweep across the south to demand the resignation of President Askar Akayev.
March 24 – Kyrgyzstan’s opposition declares itself in power after seizing key buildings as Akayev vanishes after protests.
March 25 – Opposition party leader Kurmanbek Bakiyev is named acting president. Akayev confirms reports he has left the country, but says he has not resigned.
March 28 – Kyrgyzstan’s new parliament takes over and confirms Bakiyev as prime minister as well as acting president.
July 10 – Bakiyev wins presidential elections.
November 8, 2006 – Parliament adopts a new constitution reducing the president’s powers.
February 19, 2009 – Parliament votes to close the only U.S. air base in Central Asia. Washington later agrees to pay $180 million to Kyrgyzstan to keep the base open.
March 17, 2010 – Thousands of Kyrgyz protesters threaten to oust Bakiyev if he fails to accept their demands within a week.
April 3 – Visiting U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon calls on Kyrgyzstan to protect human rights after protesters shout “help us” as he drove to parliament.
April 7 – Bakiyev orders a state of emergency in Bishkek and three other areas after police clash with protesters. He later flees to southern Kyrgyzstan, his traditional power base.
April 8 – Opposition leader Roza Otunbayeva says she is taking over the president’s and government’s responsibilities.
April 12 – The U.S. welcomes statements from the interim government that it will abide by agreements covering the U.S. air base that supports military operations in Afghanistan.
April 15 – The ousted president Bakiyev leaves Kyrgyzstan for Kazakhstan. At least 85 people are killed in the upheaval.
April 27 – The interim government says it has charged Bakiyev with “mass killing.”
May 13 – Bakiyev supporters seize control of government buildings in the cities of Osh, Jalalabad and Batken. A day later the interim government says it has regained control.
May 19 – A state of emergency is declared in Jalalabad after two people die and 74 are injured in clashes between Kyrgyz and Uzbeks in southern Kyrgyzstan.
– Otunbayeva’s government says she will act as president until the end of 2011, after which she will be replaced.
June 10/11 – Ethnic conflict between ethnic Kyrgyz and ethnic Uzbeks flares up in Osh and the southern region. The interim government declares a state of emergency.
June 13 – Bakiyev issues a statement from Belarus denying he is behind the clashes.
June 18 – The United Nations says 300,000 are displaced in Kyrgyzstan and another 100,000 people have crossed over into Uzbekistan. June 20 – The government extends state of emergency in Osh and three surrounding regions until June 25.
June 21 – Otunbayeva pledges to press ahead with a referendum on June 27.Security forces clash with ethnic Uzbeks near Osh killing at least two. At least 250 people have been killed and the interim government says it could be up to 2,000.
June 27 – Kyrgyz vote in referendum that new rulers hope will pave the way for the creation of Central Asia’s first parliamentary democracy.