Thai troops fired at protesters on Saturday in a third day of fighting on Bangkok’s streets that has killed 17 people as soldiers struggle to isolate a sprawling encampment of demonstrators seeking to topple the government.
Soldiers crouched behind sandbags or atop buildings fired live rounds at protesters armed with petrol bombs, guns and homemade rockets in clashes around the business district. One was shot in the chest while trying to ignite a tyre.
At Din Daeng intersection, north of the protest site, three bodies were evacuated on stretchers, a Reuters witness said. Two suffered head wounds. Troops also swarmed into a parking lot at the popular Dusit Thani hotel outside the protest site.
That followed a long night of grenade explosions and sporadic gunfire as the army battled to set up a perimeter around the 3.5 sq-km (1.2 sq-mile) barricaded encampment where thousands refuse to leave, including women and children.
“We’ll keep on fighting,” said Kwanchai Praipana, a leader of the red-shirted protesters, calling on Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva to resign and take responsibility for Thailand’s deadliest political crisis in 18 years.
He said supplies of food, water and fuel were starting to run thin as their usual delivery trucks were blocked but that they had enough to last “days”.
Hardcore protesters, gathering in small numbers, set fire to vehicles, including an army truck, and hurled rocks at troops who set up razor wire at checkpoints and asked residents to show identification cards to stop people from joining the mostly rural and urban poor “red shirts”.
A sign at one intersection warned residents not to enter a “live bullet area”. Another warned of a “rubber bullet area.”
The crisis has paralysed Bangkok, squeezed Southeast Asia’s second-biggest economy, scared off tourists and choked investment in one of Asia’s most promising emerging markets.
It has also stunned “Bangkokians” as one of the world’s most bustling cities and tourist hot spots descends into a war zone.
“My ears are ringing with all the shooting last night,” said Ratana Veerasawat, a 48-year-old owner of a hole-in-the-wall grocery store north of the protest encampment where many residents were leaving for safer locations.
“It’s just awful and getting worse. Best to leave now.”
United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon expressed concern over “the rapidly mounting tensions and violence”.
“He strongly encourages them to urgently return to dialogue in order to de-escalate the situation and resolve matters peacefully,” his spokesman said in a statement.
The Canadian government urged both sides to return to talks after a Bangkok-based Canadian journalist was shot three times, one of three journalists wounded in fighting that has spiralled into chaotic urban warfare where front lines shift quickly.
“UNLIKELY TO END QUICKLY”
The government said on Friday it would restore order “in the next few days” as the city of 15 million people braced for a final crackdown in the area of high-end department stores, luxury hotels, embassies and expensive residential apartments.
The number of protesters in the main encampment dropped overnight but several thousand remained, many singing and listening to speeches by protest leaders. Some leaders, including the movement’s chairman, haven’t been seen for days. Several leaders wore flak jackets, fearing snipers.
“I am not scared,” said Sanae Promman, a 37-year-old protester frying vegetables in a wok under a tent at the site. “Some of my friends have left because they are scared but many are still here to fight. We will fight until we die if we must.”
They have barricaded themselves behind walls of kerosene-soaked tyres, sharpened bamboo staves, concrete blocks and razor wire.
“It’s unlikely to end quickly,” said a source close to army chief Anupong Paochinda, fearing more protesters would arrive to surround and attack soldiers.
The Erawan Medical Centre in Bangkok said 17 people had been killed and 147 wounded in the latest fighting.
Before fighting began on Thursday with the shooting of a renegade general allied with the protesters, the two-month crisis had already killed 29 people and wounded about 1,400 — most of whom died during an April 10 gun battle in Bangkok’s old quarter.
The fighting is the latest eruption in a polarising five-year crisis between a royalist urban elite establishment, who back the prime minister, and the rural and urban poor who accuse conservative elites and the military’s top brass of colluding to bring down two elected governments.
Those governments were led or backed by exiled former premier Thaksin Shinawatra, a graft-convicted populist billionaire ousted in a 2006 coup who is a figurehead of the protest movement.
The red shirts and their supporters say the politically powerful military influenced a 2008 parliamentary vote, which took place after a pro-Thaksin party was dissolved, to ensure the British-born, Oxford-educated Abhisit rose to power.
“I don’t think many see the end of this protest as the end of the crisis,” said Danny Richards, Asia editor at the Economist Intelligence Unit. “When there’s an election, either side will reject the legitimacy of the other. We’ll be back to square one.”
(Additional reporting by Martin Petty and Damir Sagolj; editing by Bill Tarrant)